On February five, in a bit of writing printed within the concept segment of Al Jazeera English, creator Eisa Khan Ayoobi categorised Afghan President Ashraf Ghani as an “ethnonationalist”, magnificent many people that have been following Ghani’s political profession and tenure as president closely.
I really possess recognized Ghani individually for a number of years – I served since the senior protection adviser on the Afghanistan Protection Transition Value which he chaired, I turned into once a member of his electoral marketing campaign body of workers on behalf of the Afghanistan Social Democratic Birthday party, and for the previous 300 and sixty 5 days, I really have been serving as a deputy minister in his National Brotherly love Govt. I am able to hopefully verify that the president I know and paintings closely with is not an ethnonationalist.
In his article, Mr Ayoobi implied that President Ghani got here to energy as results of a fraud-ridden election. It is a long way great that the 2014 presidential election in Afghanistan turned into once a complicated one, with widespread allegations of irregularities. However in September 2014, Afghanistan’s election fee carried out a UN-backed audit of all votes to place the aforementioned fraud allegations to relaxation and declared Ghani since the legit winner of the election.
Regardless of the actual indisputable fact that Ghani’s victory turned into once showed through each local government and self maintaining world observers, the Afghan society turned into once calm deeply divided following the tricky electoral process. The Pashtun majority within the nation, who overwhelmingly voted for Ghani, turned into once expose subject matter with the best election finish outcome, however his rival Abdullah Abdullah’s supporters have been calm disappointed. To bridge those divisions all the way through the society, regardless that he turned into once underneath no duty to make so, Ghani agreed to the formation of a National Brotherly love Govt (NUG) wherein he would phase energy with Abdullah. When President Ghani visited Washington in March 2015 along with Abdullah – who had turned into Afghanistan’s first leader government officer because of the agreed vitality-sharing mechanism – the then US overseas secretary John Kerry applauded Ghani for taking this type of unifying stance following the election.
“[Ghani] turned into once not required through any laws, through any rule, through any precedent to phase energy and assemble a brotherly love government,” Kerry stated. “However, he did so as a result of he believed it turned into once within the best pursuits of Afghanistan and it turned into once the most convenient option to switch ahead.”
Subsequently, the formation of the NUG in itself may just possibly be observed as a glaring indication that President Ghani is not an ethnonationalist however a unifying energy operating to boost the divided Afghan society in combination.
Ghani owed his electoral luck to the Pashtun neighborhood, however he calm made glaring that an entire lot of ethnicities of Afghanistan are represented in his government. In recent years, the ones selected through Ghani as ministers, heads of extremely nice self maintaining directorates and key advisers are not best Pashtuns. A few of Ghani’s maximum extremely nice ministers and closest advisors also are non-Pashtuns or Dari-audio device. He additionally makes 2nd-tier appointments, such as deputy ministers, according to merit and not ethnicity. Ghani even angered or alienated some Pashtun activists who actively supported him proper through his electoral marketing campaign through not providing them positions in his government.
In keeping with the Afghan construction, Pashto and Dari are the 2 legit languages of the articulate. President Ghani, an ethnic Pashtun, delivers just about maximum of his public and legit speeches in Dari – the range of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan. In a similar way, he speaks within the cabinet and different high-level conferences basically in Dari. He does so deliberately to reveal that he is the chief of Afghanistan and not simply the marketing consultant of the Pashtun majority that voted for him.
It is going to most certainly possibly calm be present that Afghanistan’s Pashtun established order has traditionally carried out the location of “Really extensive Brother”, providing applicants from ethnic minorities extremely nice positions within the government in an try to reassure minorities that they’re the most important segment of the Afghan society. President Ghani’s political behaviour on the subject of coping with Afghanistan’s ethnic minorities fits very effectively with this unwritten rule that has lengthy been practiced through Afghanistan’s Pashtun rulers. Some Pashtun political circles are increasingly principal of such conduct and maintain in ideas it as a gateway to the slack marginalisation of the Pashtun majority, while others glimpse it as a political necessity to retain the multiethnic country united. President Ghani obviously is of the same opinion with the latter group.
The peace deal President Ghani signed with Hezb-i-Islami birthday party chief Gulbuddin Hekmatyar will have to calm also be observed as a spacious leap forward in peace efforts and unification of the Afghan society. Hekmatyar is not simply a tribal leader however the chief of considered one in all possibly essentially the most influential Islamist political occasions within the nation. The peace settlement that introduced him into the mainstream politics turned into once according to nationwide consensus. The settlement turned into once widely welcomed each nationally and inner world circles, because it turned into once for the higher staunch fashion of the rustic. This settlement turned into once welcomed as a result of many american citizens agree that Hekmatyar doing politics all the way through the confines of Afghan construction is 1000 instances higher than a situation wherein he is taking up hands against the articulate, jeopardising our nationwide safety.
In this context, it is miles obvious that President Ghani cannot be categorised as an “ethnonationalist”. In fact, Ghani may just possibly additionally fair be labelled as a nationalist within the broader sense, as he is a die-exhausting patriot, however his patriotism is not in any plot limited to the Pashtun ethnicity. Previously, he has carried out the location of a unifying determine for all Afghans, and this may additionally fair undoubtedly give him an edge over his political competitors within the upcoming presidential election.
The perspectives expressed in this article are the creator’s possess and make not necessarily mirror Al Jazeera’s editorial stance.